Species

Pieris napi (Linnaeus, 1758)

    napi Linnaeus, 1758

Original Description

Papilio (Danaus) napi Linnaeus, 1758

Type specimen(s)

Status: Lectotype
Specimen data: LT (♂)
Additional information: LSL: 1♂, without abdomen and left hindwing, labelled "60. Napi" [by Linnaeus], "Napi 760." [by Smith], here designated as LECTOTYPE." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 352).
Current depository: LSLO, London

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "Brassica & affinibus"
Current country: Sweden

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Danaus) napi Linnaeus, 1758
Treated as a species of Artogeia Verity, 1947 by Eliot (1978: 424), and Miller & Brown (1981: 71). Treated as a species of Pieris by Scott (1986: 217). Treated as a species of Pieris Schrank, 1801 (Artogeia Verity, 1947) by Bridges (1988: II.83). Treated as a species of Pieris Schrank, 1801 by Lukhtanov & Lukhtanov (1994: 60), Hesselbarth et al. (1995: 408), De Prins & Iversen (1996: 204), Tuzov et al. (1997: 164), and Tshikolovets (2005: 38).

Remarks

Lectotype designated by Honey & Scoble (2001: 352). "Remarks. In 1767 Linnaeus added China as a locality, but this apparently was based on the misidentification of a specimen that is still in the LSL, of Cepora nerissa (Fabricius). Verity (1913: 177) stated that there was only one obviously Linnaean specimen, the male type. We have selected this specimen, which bears Linnaeus's label, as lectotype. Verity noted that another specimen is a later addition. There is a third specimen in the LSL under napi. This is unlabelled and, from an examination of the pin, probably not Linnaean. There is a specimen in the last drawer of the MLU collection, the details of which are cited above. As this species was not dealt with in the MLU publication, we have not treated it as syntypic. Several subspecies are listed by Higgins & Riley (1975). The type locality of the nominate subspecies can reasonably be treated as Sweden, given that napi was cited in Fauna Suecica (1746)." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 352)