Parnassius (Driopa) mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758)

    mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758

Original Description

Papilio (Heliconius) mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758

Type specimen(s)

Status: Lectotype
Specimen data: LT (♀, Gadd leg.)
Additional information: "LSL: 1♀ labelled "42. Mnemosyne" [by Linnaeus], "Mnemosyne 754." [by Smith], here designated as LECTOTYPE; 1♀ labelled "no label" [by Tams]. MLU: 1♂ labelled "Mnemosyne" [by Aurivillius] on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Mnemosyne Mus. Gust. Adolph." [by Thunberg], "?" [in pencil] [by Aurivillius] on a red-edged label, "Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus., Linnésamlingen nr. 2071, Papilio mnemosyne"." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 351).
Current depository: LSLO, London

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "Finlandia"
Current country: Finland

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Heliconius) mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758
Treated as a species of Parnassius by Gray (1853:77), and by Eisner & Naumann (1980: 15). Treated as a species of Parnassius Latreille, 1805 by Kirby (1871: 513). Treated as a species of Parnassius Latr. by Elwes (1886: 19), and Stichel (1907: 20). Treated as a species of Parnassius Fabricius, 1775 (Doritis Fabricius, 1807) by Munroe (1961: 40). Treated as a species of Parnassius Latreille, 1804 by Ackery (1975: 83), Hancock (1983: 46), Lukhtanov & Lukhtanov (1994: 32), Tuzov et al. (1997: 136), Tshikolovets (2000: 70), and Tshikolovets (2003: 82). Treated as a species of Parnassius Latreille, 1804 (Driopa Korshunov, 1988) by Häuser (1993: 138).


Lectotype designated by Honey & Scoble (2001: 351). "Remarks. Linnaeus (1758) referred to the dissertation by the Finnish entomologist Isaac Uddman (1753) in which Uddman wrote about Limenitis populi and P. mnemosyne, but not as binominal names. The specimens were collected by Gadd from "montes in Tavastia" [mountains in Tavastland, inland of SW Finland]. The preparation of the lectotype of mnemosyne is similar to some other Uddman specimens. The Tavastia population no longer exists, the closest population of mnemosyne occuring almost 100 miles away (K. Mikkola, pers. comm.). Uddman noted that the females of mnemosyne, as well as those of apollo, bear a cartilaginous structure (a sphragis), and mentioned that entomologists still wondered about their function. Certainly the sphragis is conspicuous in the unlabelled specimen in the LSL. Verity (1913: 176) cited "A male and a female". In fact, both specimens in the LSL are females. The identity of this species is established by our selection of the lectotype above. An illustration of the nominate subspecies, and of P. m. athene, is given by Higgins & Riley (1975: pl. 3)." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 351).