Ornithoptera priamus (Linnaeus, 1758)

    priamus Linnaeus, 1758

Original Description

Papilio (Eques) priamus Linnaeus, 1758

Type specimen(s)

Status: Lectotype
Specimen data: LT (♂)
Additional information: "MLU: 1 ♂ labelled "Priamus" [by Aurivillius] on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Priamus, Mus. Gust. Adolph." [by Thunberg], "Papilio (Troides) Priamus f. typica ♂, sec. Auriv." [by Aurivillius], "Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus. Linnésamlingen nr. 1884, Papilio priamus", here designated as LECTOTYPE." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 371).
Current depository: UZIU, Uppsala

Type locality

Current country: Indonesia

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Eques) priamus Linnaeus, 1758
Treated as a species of Ornithoptera Boisduval by Boisduval (1836: 173). Treated as a species of Papilio by Gray (1853: 1). Treated as a species of Papilio Latr. by Felder & Felder (1864: 290). Treated as a species of Papilio Linn., 1767 by Kirby (1871: 517). Treated as a species of Troides by Rothschild (1895: 183). Treated as a species of Ornithoptera Boisduval, 1832 by Munroe (1961: 46), Parsons (1999: 226), and Peggie et al. (2005: 51). Treated as a species of Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) by Parrott & Deslisle (1989: 387). Treated as a species of Ornithoptera Boisduval, [1832] by Tennent (2002: 40).


Lectotype designated by Honey & Scoble (2001: 371). "Remarks. Clerck's figure is a good representation of the specimen in the Queen's collection in Uppsala. The illustration shows the thoracic mark and indicates that the antennae are missing. Most tellingly, the proboscis is depicted exactly as it appears in the specimen. Corbet (1949: 197) stated that the type was in the MLU, but he did not make a designation. We have designated the specimen in the MLU as lectotype. In the same year as the original description, Linnaeus published a dissertation (1758, Pandora Insectorum), also published in the series Amoen. Acad., in which he illustrated this species. The species was described from Ambon by Vincentius earlier in the eighteenth century (see Haugum & Low, 1978: 96), an author cited by Linnaeus in the original description and supporting the view that the type locality is Ambon. The species is polytypic, the nominate form occurring in Seram, Saparua and Ambon (see Haugum & Low, 1978: 102). Type species of the genus Ornithoptera Boisduval [1832]. See panthous." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 371-372).