Graphium (Graphium) eurypylus (Linnaeus, 1758)

    eurypylus Linnaeus, 1758

Original Description

Papilio (Eques) eurypylus Linnaeus, 1758

Type specimen(s)

Status: Lectotype
Specimen data: LT (♂)
Additional information: "Type M.L.U. (Clerck, t. 28, fig. 2)." (Corbet, 1941: 13). "MLU: 1♂, abdomen partly eaten but with genitalia partially intact, labelled "Eurypylus" [by Aurivillius], on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Eurypylus, Mus. Gust. Adolphi" [by Thunberg], "Papilio Eurypylus, Auriv. 1881" [by Aurivillius] on a red-edged label, "Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus., Linnésamlingen nr. 1905, Papilio eurypylus", here designated as LECTOTYPE." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 325).
Current depository: UZIU, Uppsala

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "Indiis"
Current country: Indonesia

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Eques) eurypylus Linnaeus, 1758
Treated [as "eurypilus"] as a species of Papilio by Boisduval (1836: 233), and by Gray (1853: 28). Treated as a species of Papilio Linn., 1767 by Kirby (1871: 560). Treated as a species of Graphium Scopoli, 1777 by Talbot (1939: 225), Eliot (1978: 423), and Parsons (1999: 253). Treated as a species of Graphium Scopoli, 1777 (Graphium Scopoli, 1777) by Munroe (1961: 41), Hancock (1983: 47), Vane-Wright & de Jong (2003: 92), and Peggie et al. (2005: 44). Treated as a species of Graphium by Tsukada & Nishiyama (1982: 384), and Treadaway (1995: 18). Treated as a species of Arisbe Hübner, [1819] (Eurypleana Niculescu, 1989) by Page & Treadaway (2003: 4).


Lectotype designated by Honey & Scoble (2001: 325). Remarks. Listed by Linnaeus as an MLU species. In the original description Linnaeus wrote "Variat ..... an sexu ?", so either there was more than one specimen in the MLU collection or Linnaeus must have had his own material as well. Corbet (1949: 195) claimed that the type was missing from the MLU, but the species was treated by Aurivillius (1882), and a specimen was listed both by Thunberg (1904) and Wallin (1994). The illustration of Clerck is a good representation of the MLU specimen and we have designated this specimen as lectotype. Corbet listed the type locality for this polytypic species as Ambon, as did Tsukada & Nishiyama in Tsukada (1982b: 385). In hand-written amendments to his personal copy of Edition 12 of the Systema, Linnaeus indicated that the position of this species should follow sarpedon." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 325).