Species

Parides lysander (Cramer, [1775])

    lysander Cramer, [1775]

Original Description

[Papilio] lysander Cramer, [1775]

Type specimen(s)

Status: Syntype(s)
Specimen data: ST (♂, ♀)
Additional information: "in the Natural History Museum in London", "Syntype ♂, with van Lennep label ‘No. 39. LYSANDER Cr. I. 29. C. D.’, Felder label ‘Surinam Coll. Lenep’ and ‘Z’? (BMNH(E)#665198); it lacks its abdomen, has been re-pinned and had a few repairs and touches of paint but is a good match for original plate 19, figs C, C. Syntype ♂, with Felder label ‘Surinam Coll. Lenep’ (BMNH(E)#665028; repinned, possibly with the original (pin). Possible syntypes: 3 ♂♂, with Felder labels ‘Surinam Coll. Eyndh[oven]’ (BMNH(E)#665026–8; these have been re-pinned). [...] There is also a possible syntype in RNHL.", "Fig. 16" (Chainey, 2005: 283, 303).
Current depository: BMNH, London (2 ♂♂, syntypes; 3 ♂♂, possible syntypes); RMNH, Leiden (1 possible syntype); ??

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "Te Surinamen [...] à Suriname"
Current country: Suriname

Taxonomic history

Originally described as [Papilio] lysander Cramer, [1775]
Treated as a synonym of Papilio eurymas God. by Boisduval (1836: 284). Treated as a species of Papilio by Gray (1853: 53). Treated as a synonym of Papilio anchises Linn., 1764 by Kirby (1871: 529). Treated as a species of Parides Hübner, [1819] (Parides Hübner, [1819]) by Munroe (1961: 45). Treated as a species of Parides Hübner, [1819] by Hancock (1983:47), and Lamas (2004: 93), and Racheli (2006: 91).

Remarks

"Deze drie afbeeldingen zyn allen naar wyfjes gemaakt; het welk my doet besluiten, dat het wezenlyk van elkander verschillende soorten zyn: te meer daar ik van elk ook de mannetjes bezit, die, met deze wyfjes vergeleeken, geen ander uiterlyk onderscheid, dan het kenmerk der sexe aantoonen. [...] Ces trois figures sont gravées d'après des femelles, ce qui ma fait croire que ce sont des especes tout-à-fait différentes; de plus, puisque je possede aussi le mâle de chaque femelle, qui n'en different extérieurement que par la marque distinctive du sexe." [on lysander, hyppason and euristeus, pl. 29.]