Species

Pachliopta polydorus (Linnaeus, 1763)

    polydorus Linnaeus, 1763

Original Description

Papilio (Eques) polydorus Linnaeus, 1763

Type specimen(s)

Status: Syntype(s)
Specimen data: ST
Additional information: "The two specimens in the LSL under the name polydorus, which are labelled by Smith, are specimens of aristolochiae Fabricius, 1775. According to Corbet (1949: 197) the type is supposed to be in the MLU and is from Ambon, collector unknown. Corbet's comment on the assumed type depository is understandable since the original description referred to a figure by Clerck, who illustrated the exotic butterflies in the Queen's collection. However, polydorus was not listed by Thunberg (1804) as being present in the MLU collection when it was donated to the University of Uppsala nor by Wallin [1994]. Furthermore, Aurivillius (1882) mentioned no specimens, citing only the illustration of Clerck. The identity of polydorus is based on the description and Clerck's figure. We have not located any Linnaean material of this species." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 369-370).
Current depository: ??

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "India"
Current country: Indonesia

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Eques) polydorus Linnaeus, 1763
Treated as a species of Papilio by Boisduval (1836: 267), and by Gray (1853: 9). Treated as a species of Papilio Linn., 1767 by Kirby (1871: 535). Treated as a species of Papilio Linnaeus, 1758 by Rothschild (1895: 238). Treated as a species of Pachliopta Reakirt, 1864 by Munroe (1961: 46). Treated as a species of Pachliopta by Tsukada & Nishiyama (1982: 282), and by Page & Treadaway (1995: 138). Treated as a species of Atrophaneura Reakirt, [1865] by Hancock (1983: 47). Treated as a species of Pachliopta Reakirt, [1865] (Pachliopta Reakirt, [1865]) by Fujioka et al. (1997: 176). Treated as a species of Pachliopta Reakirt, 1865 by Tennent (2002: 39). Treated as a species of Pachliopta Reakirt, 1865 by Peggie et al. (2005: 47).

Remarks

"Remarks. The two specimens in the LSL under the name polydorus, which are labelled by Smith, are specimens of aristolochiae Fabricius, 1775. According to Corbet (1949: 197) the type is supposed to be in the MLU and is from Ambon, collector unknown. Corbet's comment on the assumed type depository is understandable since the original description referred to a figure by Clerck, who illustrated the exotic butterflies in the Queen's collection. However, polydorus was not listed by Thunberg (1804) as being present in the MLU collection when it was donated to the University of Uppsala nor by Wallin [1994]. Furthermore, Aurivillius (1882) mentioned no specimens, citing only the illustration of Clerck. The identity of polydorus is based on the description and Clerck's figure. We have not located any Linnaean material of this species. The area of distribution of the nominate subspecies of this polytypic species was given by Tsukada & Nishiyama in Tsukada (1982b: 282) as Ambon, Seram, and Obi (see also Parsons, [1998]: 654)." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 369-370)