Papilio (Achillides) paris Linnaeus, 1758

    paris Linnaeus, 1758

Original Description

Papilio (Eques) paris Linnaeus, 1758

Type specimen(s)

Status: Lectotype
Specimen data: LT (♂)
Additional information: "Type M.L.U." (Corbet, 1941: 12). "LSL: 1♂ with no antennae labelled "3 Paris" [by Linnaeus], "Paris 745." [by Smith] on a sharply pointed rusty pin with no head, here designated as LECTOTYPE. MLU: 1♂ labelled "Paris" [by Aurivillius] on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Paris, Mus. Gust. Adolph." [by Thunberg], "Papilio Paris sec. Auriv." [on a red-edged label, by Aurivillius], "Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus., Linnésamlingen nr. 1886, Papilio paris"." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 359).
Current depository: LSLO, London

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "Asia"
Current country: China

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Eques) paris Linnaeus, 1758
Treated as a species of Papilio by Boisduval (1836: 208), and by Gray (1853: 17). Treated as a species of Papilio Linn., 1767 by Kirby (1871: 550). Treated as a species of Papilio Linnaeus, 1758 by Talbot (1939: 148), Munroe (1961: 44), and Eliot (1978: 422). Treated as a species of Papilio by Tsukada & Nishiyama (1982: 326). Treated as a species of Princeps Hübner, [1807] (Princeps Hübner, [1807]) by Hancock (1983: 48). Treated as a species of Papilio (Princeps) by Collins & Morris (1985: 112). Treated as a species of Papilio Linnaeus, 1758 (Princeps Hübner, [1807]) by Eliot (1992: 395).


Lectotype designated by Honey & Scoble (2001: 360). "Remarks. Described as an MLU species and figured by Clerck. In 1764 Linnaeus cited the type locality as "India orientali". Corbet (1941a: 12) wrote that Aurivillius "found no specimen remaining in the Royal Museum". However, Thunberg (1804) certainly listed paris as being present when the collection was presented to the University of Uppsala. Later, Corbet (1942: 91) stated that "The specimen of paris figured by Clerck is certainly the type" but then on p. 93 went on to say that "Of the 48 species described by Linnaeus from specimens stated to be in the Museum of Queen Ludovica Ulrica and reported missing therefrom by Aurivillius, 31 have now been found in the Linnaean Collection [LSL]" including the type of paris. Later still, Corbet (1949: 197) listed the type locality as "China, Canton, Osbeck" and stated that the type was in the Linnaean [LSL] collection. The type locality is indeed likely to be Canton since the species was listed by Osbeck (1765). The specimen in the LSL labelled as paris by Linnaeus matches the Clerck illustration better than does the specimen in the MLU. The former has been selected as lectotype. Type species of the genus Achillides Hübner, [1819], currently considered to be a junior subjective synonym of Papilio Linnaeus, 1758." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 360)