Species

Ornithoptera priamus (Linnaeus, 1758)

    panthous Linnaeus, 1758

Original Description

Papilio (Eques) panthous Linnaeus, 1758

Type specimen(s)

Status: Lectotype
Specimen data: LT (♀)
Additional information: "Type M.L.U. (Clerck, t. 19)." (Corbet, 1941: 13). "MLU: 1♀ without head labelled "Panthous [alpha] " [by Aurivillius] on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Panthous [alpha], Mus. Gust. Adolph." [by Thunberg], "Priamus L. ♀ jmf Mus. L. U. p. 195 (Auriv.)" [by Aurivillius], "Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus., Linnésamlingen nr. 1882, Papilio panthous", here designated as LECTOTYPE; 1♀ [of Troides hypolitus (Cramer)] pinned upside-down labelled "Panthous [beta]" [by Aurivillius] on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Panthous [beta], Mus. Gust. Adolph." [by Thunberg], "Papilio Panthous ♀ sec. Auriv." [by Aurivillius] on a red-edged label],"Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus., Linnésamlingen nr. 1883 Papilio panthous"." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 359).
Current depository: UZIU, Uppsala

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "Indiis"
Current country: Indonesia

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Eques) panthous Linnaeus, 1758
Treated as a synonym of Ornithoptera priamus Linnaeus by Boisduval (1836: 173). Treated as a species of Papilio by Gray (1853: 5). Treated as a synonym of Papilio priamus Linn., 1764 by Kirby (1871: 517). Treated as a synonym of Troides priamus Linnaeus by Rothschild (1895: 183). Treated as a synonym of Troides hypolitus (Cramer, 1775) by Rothschild (1895: 200).

Remarks

Lectotype designated by Honey & Scoble (2001: 359). "Remarks. In the original description Linnaeus noted panthous as an MLU species. In the MLU work, Linnaeus referred to the Clerck figures of both male and female, but the description was based on the female (Fig. 16) (see Aurivillius, 1882: 16). The figures represent two different species. That of the male (Fig. 19) is based on only the second specimen in the MLU collection and is actually a female specimen of hypolitus Cramer. In designating the lectotype we accept the treatment by Corbet (1949: 197) and fix the identity of panthous as a junior subjective synonym of priamus. See priamus." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 359)