Species

Pachliopta aristolochiae (Fabricius, 1775)

    ascanius Linnaeus, 1768

Original Description

Papilio (Eques) ascanius Linnaeus, 1768
Unavailable name: by ruling of the Commission

Type specimen(s)

Status: Syntype(s)
Specimen data: ST
Additional information: "between 16 July 1766 and 22 July 1766 [Meeuwen Island (Gull Island), Java]", "lost" (Honey & Scoble 2001: 301).
Current depository: ??

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "Anchoram ad Insulam Nieuw Bay demisimus"
Current country: Indonesia

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Eques) ascanius Linnaeus, 1768
Treated [as "ascanius Sparrman, 1768"] as a synonym of Pachliopta aristolochiae (Fabricius, 1775) by Fujioka et al. (1997: 177).

Remarks

Name supressed by ruling of the ICZN. Placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Specific Names in Zoology (ICZN, 1954: Opinion 265). "Remarks. The name Papilio ascanius Linnaeus, 1768 had long been overlooked for a common Oriental species named P. aristolochiae Fabricius, 1775. P. ascanius Cramer, [1775] was described for a South American butterfly, bearing a superficial resemblance to the Oriental species. When Corbet (1941: 27) discovered in the LSL the Sparrman specimen on which the Linnaean description was based, there was, therefore, potential for creating considerable nomenclatural disruption. First, the long-used name ascanius Fabricius would have become a junior synonym of the unused name ascanius Linnaeus. Second, the South American species ascanius Cramer would have become a junior homonym of ascanius Linnaeus, requiring a new name to have been erected for the former. To maintain stability, the name ascanius was suppressed and placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Specific Names in Zoology (ICZN, 1954: Opinion 265). The type locality was identified by Toxopeus (1951) as Meeuwen Island (known now as Gull Island) in the bay at the western extremity of Java." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 301).