Species

Graphium (Graphium) agamemnon (Linnaeus, 1758)

    agamemnon Linnaeus, 1758

Original Description

Papilio (Eques) agamemnon Linnaeus, 1758

Type specimen(s)

Status: Lectotype
Specimen data: LT (♂, P. Osbeck leg.)
Additional information: "LSL: 1 ♂ on a typical Linnaean pin, labelled "21 Agamemnon" [by Linnaeus], "Agamemnon 748" [by Smith], here designated as LECTOTYPE." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 292).
Current depository: LSLO, London

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "Asia."
Current country: China

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Eques) agamemnon Linnaeus, 1758
Treated as a species of Papilio by Boisduval (1836: 230), Gray (1853: 27), and Staudinger (1888: 280). Treated as a species of Papilio Linn., 1767 by Kirby (1871: 560). Treated as a species of Graphium Scopoli, 1777 by Talbot (1939: 229), Eliot (1978: 423), Parsons (1999: 246), and Tennent (2002: 47). Treated as a species of Graphium Scopoli, 1777 (Graphium Scopoli, 1777) by Munroe (1961: 41), Hancock (1983: 47), Vane-Wright & de Jong (2003: 93), and Peggie et al. (2005: 46). Treated as a species of Graphium by Tsukada & Nishiyama (1982: 394), Racheli (1984: 56), and Treadaway (1995: 18). Treated as a species of Graphium Scopoli, 1777 (Macfarlaneana Niculescu, 1989) by Page & Treadaway (2003: 3)

Remarks

Lectotype designated by Honey & Scoble (2001: 292). "Linnaean material examined. LSL: 1[m] on a typical Linnaean pin, labelled "21 Agamemnon" [by Linnaeus], "Agamemnon 748" [by Smith], here designated as LECTOTYPE. MLU: 1[f] labelled "Agamemnon [alpha] " [by Aurivillius] on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Agamemnon [alpha], Mus. Gust. Adolph." [by Thunberg], "Papilio Agamemnon, sec. Auriv." [by Aurivillius] on a red-edged label, "Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus. Linnésamlingen nr. 1897, Papilio agamemnon"; 1 ex., without abdomen, labelled "Agamemnon [beta] " [by Aurivillius] on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Agamemnon [beta], Mus. Gust. Adolph." [by Thunberg], "Papilio Agamemnon, sec. Auriv." [by Aurivillius] on a red-edged label, "Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus. Linnésamlingen nr. 1898, Papilio agamemnon"; 1[m] labelled "Agamemnon [gamma]" [by Aurivillius] on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Agamemnon [gamma], Mus. Gust. Adolph." [by Thunberg], "Papilio Agamemnon, sec. Auriv." [by Aurivillius] on a red-edged label, "Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus. Linnésamlingen nr. 1899, Papilio agamemnon". Subsequent material examined LSL: 1[m] labelled "E. Ind., NEK.". Remarks. The identity of the nominate subspecies of this polytypic species is firmly established from Linnaean specimens, and the type locality is based on Osbeck's record from Canton (Osbeck, 1765). The distributions of the 21 subspecies are presented by Tsukada & Nishiyama in Tsukada (1982b: 395). The LSL specimen bears Linnaeus's label and has been selected as lectotype. The species figured by Clerck as agamemnon (pl. 10, fig. 1 of the unpublished (uncoloured) plates) is a misidentification. The species illustrated appears to be an unfinished figure of xuthus. We have also seen a black and white photograph of what would appear to be a coloured version of that figure, but reversed. Clerck did, in fact, illustrate agamemnon, but it was originally labelled as "Aegistus" and emended, possibly by Linnaeus, to "Agamemnon". (This figure is not the one labelled "Aegistus" - a "tail-less" form of agamemnon - on the unpublished pl. 6, fig. 2.) We have, again, seen a black and white photographic copy of the unpublished, coloured figure of the true agamemnon. See aegisthus." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 292)