Species

Iphiclides podalirius (Linnaeus, 1758)

    podalirius Linnaeus, 1758

Original Description

Papilio (Eques) podalirius Linnaeus, 1758

Type specimen(s)

Status: Lectotype
Specimen data: LT (figured by Ray 1710)
Additional information: "LSL: 1♀ [of Iphiclides feisthamelii Duponchel, 1832] labelled "Podalirius" [by Linnaeus], "Podalirius 751." [by Smith]. MLU: 1♀ [of Iphiclides feisthamelii Duponchel, 1832] labelled "Podalirius" [by Aurivillius] on a black-edged label, [drawer labelled] "Podalirius, Mus. Gust. Adolph." [by Thunberg], "Papilio Podalirius Auriv. 1881" [by Aurivillius] on a red-edged label, "Uppsala Univ. Zool. Mus., Linnésamlingen nr. 1870, Papilio podalirius". [...] "The situation was resolved when the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature under its plenary powers designated the illustration in Ray (1710), a reference cited in Linnaeus's original description, to represent the lectotype of podalirius (ICZN, 1954: 331, Opinion 263). The specimen on which Ray's description was based was said by him to be from Livorno, Italy. The action by the Commission established the long-standing application of the name podalirius to the European species and Italy as the type locality." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 368).
Current depository: ??

Type locality

Type locality as cited in original description: "Europae australis & Africa Brassica"
Current country: Italy

Taxonomic history

Originally described as Papilio (Eques) podalirius Linnaeus, 1758
Treated as a species of Papilio by Boisduval (1836: 245). Treated as a species of Papilio Linn., 1767 by Kirby (1871: 558). Treated as a species of Papilio Linnaeus, 1758 by Rothschild (1895: 402). Treated as a species of Iphiclides Hübner, 1819 by Munroe (1961: 41), Hancock (1983: 46), and Tuzov et al. (1997: 149). Treated as a species of Iphiclides Hübner, [1819] by Lukhtanov & Lukhtanov (1994: 45), and Hesselbarth et al. (1995: 284).

Remarks

Lectotype designated by ICZN (1954: 331, Opinion 263). The lectotype is the specimen (presumed lost) figured by John Ray in 1710 and cited by Linnaeus. As the Linnean material consists of 2 specimens of the North African form / subspecies / species Iphiclides feisthamelii Duponchel, 1832 the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature designated the illustration in Ray (1710), a reference cited in Linnaeus' original description, to represent the lectotype. This specimen was said by Ray to be from Livorno, Italy. "Remarks. Verity (1913: 174) noted that two species, one from southern Europe and the other from North Africa and Spain, were confused under this name, podalirius Linnaeus and feisthamelii Duponchel. He considered Linnaeus's 1758 description to be invalid and accepted the 1764 description of podalirius (with feisthamelii as a junior synonym) to be the Spanish and North African species. Papilio sinon Poda was treated as the valid name for the European species. This action was contrary to the widely held use of podalirius as referring to the European species (excluding Spain). Later, Verity (1947: 38) used podalirius as the valid name for the European species with sinon as a junior synonym, presumably accepting feisthamelii as the name of the North African species. The situation was resolved when the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature under its plenary powers designated the illustration in Ray (1710), a reference cited in Linnaeus's original description, to represent the lectotype of podalirius (ICZN, 1954: 331, Opinion 263). The specimen on which Ray's description was based was said by him to be from Livorno, Italy. The action by the Commission established the long-standing application of the name podalirius to the European species and Italy as the type locality." (Honey & Scoble 2001: 368).